Time to Pick a Bone: A Guide to Boosting Bone Density

Bones not only lends shape and structure to our body, but also forms an integral part of our body’s support framework. As we age, our bones naturally undergo changes that may lead to decreased bone density, making them more susceptible to fractures and osteoporosis. However, adopting a proactive approach through lifestyle and dietary choices can significantly contribute to boosting bone density. In this blog, we'll explore effective strategies to enhance bone health and fortify your skeletal foundation.

Understanding bone density and knowing how it is measured?

Bone density is the key indicator of bone health and body strength. It is determined by ascertaining bone mineral density in a person’s body and measured using a medical imaging technique called Dual Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The results are typically presented as a T-score. The T score above and at par -1 is considered normal, while the T score between -1 and 2.5 indicates low bone density.

What are the reasons for low bone density?

Low bone density, or osteopenia, and its more severe form, osteoporosis, can be caused by various factors. Some of the common causes include:


As people age, bone density naturally decreases. This is a normal part of the ageing process, but it can lead to a higher risk of osteoporosis, especially in postmenopausal women.

Nutritional Deficiencies:

Inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D can contribute to lower bone density. Calcium is a key mineral for bone health, andImagevitamin D is essential for calcium absorption.

Lack of Strength training:

Regular weight-bearing exercises, such as walking, jogging, or resistance training, are helpful in building bone density. If one is not accustomed to regular exercise, then stimulation of bone formation will be difficult.

How to boost bone density?

There are several measures that not only boost bone density but also help an individual take healthy steps.

  1. Nutrient-Rich Diet: A balanced diet rich in essential nutrients plays a pivotal role in promoting bone health. Ensure an adequate intake of calcium, vitamin D, vitamin K, magnesium, and phosphorus. Dairy products, leafy green vegetables, nuts, seeds, and fortified foods are excellent sources of these nutrients.
  2. Consumption of Vitamin D: Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium. Spend time outdoors to allow your skin to produce vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. Additionally, include fatty fish, fortified cereals, and egg yolks in your diet to stimulate bone health.
  3. Regular Exercise: Weight-bearing exercises and resistance training stimulate the bones, promoting bone density. Activities like walking, jogging, weightlifting, and dancing are excellent choices for muscle building that further contribute to a healthy Bone Density Index.
  4. Strength Training: Incorporate strength training exercises into your fitness routine. To maintain bone density, focus on compound movements that engage multiple muscle groups, such as squats, lunges, burpees, kettlebell swings, kickboxing, and deadlifts.
  5. 5 Avoid Excessive Alcohol and Quit Smoking: Excessive alcohol consumption and smoking have been linked to decreased bone density. Limit alcohol intake and consider quitting smoking to support optimal bone health.
  6. Regular Bone Density Checkups:Regular bone density screenings, especially for individuals at higher risk, can help detect any signs of osteoporosis or low bone density at an early stage. Consult with your healthcare provider to determine the appropriate frequency of screenings based on your health profile.


Building and maintaining strong bone density is a lifelong commitment that requires a combination of proper nutrition, regular exercise, and healthy lifestyle choices. By incorporating these strategies into your daily routine, you can actively contribute to the health and resilience of your bones, ensuring a solid foundation for an active and vibrant lifestyle.

We at Apollo Diagnostics are there to give you the fair analysis of your bone density to avoid serious health problems like osteoporosis.

Schedule a Bone Density Test with us to strengthen your body’s support.

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