Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH)
Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a glycoprotein hormone produced by testes in males and ovaries in females. The hormone is important for proper functioning of the ovaries in females and for the development of male genitalia in a male fetus.
Why is the test ordered?
The test is prescribed to assess ovarian function and ovarian status: ovarian reserve and responsiveness, as a part of infertility testing. It aids in evaluating ovarian function in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. In addition, it is also ordered to assess testicular function in infants and children.
When is the test ordered?
The test may be prescribed to women to evaluate fertility issues and ovarian function, particularly when in vitro fertilization (IVF) is being considered. The test may also be advised when a woman is diagnosed with signs and symptoms of the polycystic ovarian syndrome.
In the case of infants, an AMH test is prescribed when a doctor observes an underdeveloped genitalia in the child.
How to prepare for the test?
No special preparation is required for the test.
How is the sample collected?
A blood sample is collected from the vein in the arm of the individual using a needle.