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* T & C
You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

The ABCs of Hepatitis

The World Health Organisation defines hepatitis as an inflammation of the liver, caused by hepatitis viruses as well as other infections, alcohol and drugs, and autoimmune diseases. Five main types of hepatitis are identified – A, B, C, D, and E. While hepatitis can be limited to just an inflammation, it may also lead to fibrosis, liver cirrhosis or liver cancer.

The causes of hepatitis include contaminated food and water and infected body fluids. The virus can be transmitted through blood transfusions or the use of contaminated equipment for medical procedures.

Some symptoms include yellow colored eyes and skin, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, etc.

Here are some basic facts about hepatitis A, B, and C:

  • Hepatitis A – It takes the liver about two months to heal from this infection. It can be prevented with a vaccine and does not usually cause any complications. It is transmitted through the consumption of contaminated water or food. Most of these cases are mild and the patient is able to recover fully. Sometimes, it can be severe and life-threatening, especially in people who live in areas with poor sanitation.
  • Hepatitis B – This takes a longer recovery period, usually about six months. Sometimes it may develop into a long-term infection that leads to liver damage. It can be prevented with the help of a vaccine. It can be transmitted through sexual intercourse with an infected person or from mother to child at birth. Any kind of contact with infected fluids, such as used needles or infected blood, is enough to transmit the disease.
  • Hepatitis C – This cannot be prevented by a vaccine. It is a long-term infection that can lead to liver cirrhosis. It does not even show up through symptoms. Infection occurs through contact with contaminated equipment and infected fluids.

Hepatitis D virus occurs only in those affected with HBV as well. It can be prevented by a hepatitis B vaccine. Hepatitis E virus outbreaks are seen mostly in developing parts of the world, the leading cause being contaminated food and water.


Hepatitis is diagnosed with the help of liver function tests that use blood samples to test the functioning of the liver. If the enzyme level is high, it might indicate a stressed or damaged liver. Further, other blood tests such as antibody tests for autoimmune disease may be recommended. Abdominal ultrasound and liver biopsy are some other procedures.


Aside from vaccine prevention, Hepatitis A and B do not require any treatment as such. Symptoms such as nausea and diarrhoea may be treated. In case of chronic hepatitis B, antiviral medications are prescribed for months or years together, and regular monitoring is advised. Hepatitis C is also treated with the help of antiviral medication, in both its acute and chronic forms. Hepatitis D can be prevented using HBV vaccination, and hepatitis E is supposed to be an acute infection that resolves on its own.


Since the conduit for all the viruses seems to be contaminated food, water and equipment or infected fluids, minimising this contact can help prevent the disease. Maintaining proper hygiene and avoiding contact with used needles and infected blood is a must. The importance of vaccination can also never be undermined, especially since what starts out as a small infection may lead to serious problems later on. Make sure that your children get the vaccine at the right place and the right time to avoid suffering in future. Make an appointment with Apollo Diagnostics today.s

Book Your Test

* T & C

You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

Patient Testimonials

“Excellence of Apollo Diagnostics is already a recognized fact across India. Adding more strength to their reputation is their caring nature and supportive attitude. I’ll always prefer to take their services than selecting mediocre quality making any compromise with my health.”

Mr. Shahul Hameed, Chennai

Mrs. Turni, Kolkata

“The way Apollo Diagnostics kept me at ease during the sample collection process, the way they supported me to be at my convenience and confidence is really something I’ll always remember. They were also flawless in maintaining the hygiene. Hats off to them!”

Mr. Laxmi Kantham, Hyderabad

“Awesome is probably the one word to express my views about Apollo Diagnostics. Efficiency, punctuality, compassion, sincerity…I’ll give high marks to them in all of these. Great going, Apollo!”

Shivaraj Kadam, Pune

“Thanks for the seamless service. Based on my experience I can assure that, be it quality or punctuality, Apollo Diagnostics is one name to trust and depend on.”

Mr. Thomas, Mysuru

“Excellent sense of timing! The technician arrived right on time. He was really well-trained, in terms of his skill and manner, as well. Apollo Diagnostics is doing a great job.”

Subbalakshmi, Vizag

“Appreciate the quality of service that I’ve received from Apollo Diagnostics. Their competence, caring nature, sincerity, valuing customer’s time – all these together have shaped them as the most trusted diagnostic service provider in the country.
Keep up the good work!

Mrs. Pravati Dash, Bengaluru

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad

“Their accurate understanding of customer’s needs is one thing that set them apart and ahead of all others. As a result, it becomes easier for them to deliver the right service, that with their matchless efficiency and care to ensure less pain and easily accomplished sample collection. Apollo Diagnostics is simply doing an amazing job!”

Soundarya Abhirami, Hyderabad

“The overall service standard of Apollo Diagnostics is admirably high. The technician was punctual and well-behaved, and has the genuine skill to collect the test sample without troubling the customer. These are probably some of the major reasons for them to be the best in India.”

Mrs. Lakshmi, Chennai

“The most crucial factor with Apollo Diagnostics is that they always train their Phlebotomists so well that the team consistently remains efficient and punctual and we receive a premium quality diagnostic service. Good job. Keep it up.”

Mr. Amit Kumar Patil, Bengaluru