Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Blood flow to the heart, brain or body can be reduced because of a blood clot (thrombosis) or build-up of fatty deposits inside an artery, leading to the artery hardening and narrowing (atherosclerosis). The most important behavioral risk factors of heart disease and stroke are unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol.
Incidence: Prevalence of CVDs is 29.4% for adults of age 45 and above (Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health Volume 13)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q1. How Common Is Heart Disease Among Women?
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women over 40 years old, especially after menopause. Once a woman reaches the age of 50 (about the age of natural menopause), the risk for heart disease increases dramatically
Q2. What happens if heart disease is left untreated?
If heart disease is not treated, it can cause severe angina, heart failure with shortness of breath on even mild activities. The risk of death is increased.