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Pneumonia is an infection of the lower respiratory tract that causes inflammation of the air sacs of the lung. The air sacs get filled with fluid or pus and this causes difficulty in breathing. This ultimately leads to decreased oxygen levels in the blood. Pneumonia may affect one or more lobes of either one or both the lungs.

Bacterial infections are the most common cause of pneumonia along with viral and fungal infections. These infections are prevalent among all age groups however maximum cases are reported among children and adults above the age of 65.

Signs and symptoms

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:

  1. Difficulty in breathing
  2. Fever and chills
  3. Severe cough with phlegm
  4. Chest pain while coughing
  5. Fatigue
  6. Loss of appetite
  7. Rapid heart beat
  8. Nausea and vomiting
  9. Diarrhea

Diagnosis of pneumonia

Blood tests, imaging tests and sputum tests help to detect pneumonia.

  1. Physical examination: High body temperature, increased respiratory and heart rate and the abnormal breath sounds (obtained with the help of a stethoscope)- all indicate pneumonia.
  2. Blood tests: It is used to monitor the blood cell count and the occurrence of the infection. A change in the normal blood cell count provides scope for further diagnosis and assessment of the infection. Complete blood count is useful to assess increase in white blood cell count which indicates infection. Arterial blood gases measure the blood pH, amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood. This gives an estimate about the lung function.
  3. Sputum test: The sputum samples are collected by asking a patient to cough forcefully and remove phlegm. This sample is evaluated for microbial growth. This test helps in determining the causative organism and helps in deciding the best suited antimicrobial therapy for the patient.
  4. Chest x-ray: The scan is essential in diagnosing the location and the severity of the infection. Moreover, chest X-ray may indicate the type of infection (bacterial, viral, and fungal) and check for the presence of complications such as infection of heart muscle or lung collapse.
  5. Pulse oximetry: This test helps in determining the oxygen carrying capacity of lungs. Pneumonia decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood. This is due to the reduced rate of exchange of gases between the alveoli and the blood.
  6. CT scan: A computed tomography (CT) scan is performed to get detailed images of the fluid-filled air sacs of the lungs. This test confirms the location of pneumonia infection in the lungs.

Management of Pneumonia

Treatment Plan

The treatment of pneumonia aims at reducing the symptoms of cough and inflammation of the respiratory tract. It also helps in further occurrence and spread of the infection.

  1. Antibiotics: fight bacterial infections and treat pneumonia. Appropriate antibiotics are prescribed based on the causative organism that is diagnosed through sputum test.
  2. Cough suppressant medications: These medications help in relieving cough and loosening phlegm.
  3. Pain relievers: These medicines are co-administered with antibiotics and cough suppressant agents to relieve pain and discomfort caused due to pneumonia infection.

Lifestyle Measures

  1. Smoking: Smoking increases the susceptibility to infections. Therefore, it is advised to quit smoking to prevent the risk of respiratory infections.
  2. Prevent spread of infections: Covering your mouths and nose with tissues or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing prevents the spread of infection from person-to-person.
  3. Self-hygiene: Cleaning your hands with soap and water at regular intervals prevents the risk of acquiring infections.
  4. Boost your immune system: This can be achieved by following a healthy diet and regular exercise. A healthy immunity reduces the risk of acquiring infections.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.


  1. Pneumonia. Accessed on 20/10/2017
  2. Pneumonia. Accessed on 20/10/2017
  3. Pneumonia. Accessed on 20/10/2017

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad