Cap
Nabl
Ukas
Anab
Customer care
Search
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in comments
Search in excerpt
Filter by Custom Post Type

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a bone disorder caused due to decreased bone production which in turn increases the risk of bone fractures. Osteoporosis occurs when the production of a new bone cells is not sufficient to replace the old bone cells.

Factors such as reduced hormone production such as estrogen and progesterone in females, testosterone in males, low body weight, ageing or other underlying abnormalities increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is widely prevalent among the geriatric population, with a large number of cases reported among women. In the global scenario, Asian and Caucasian women are reported with a higher number of osteoporosis cases when compared to women of other races.

Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis

The signs and symptoms of osteoporosis include:

  1. Frequent bone fractures
  2. Stooped posture
  3. Loss of height
  4. Poor bone healing post-fracture or a bone surgery
  5. Chronic lower back pain
  6. Bone pain
  7. Joint pains
  8. Weight loss

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of osteoporosis include:

Blood tests: Blood samples are collected to determine the effect of underlying factors that may affect the bone mineral density. Thyroid function test, kidney function test, Electrolytes, Vitamin D deficiency, Calcium, protein electrophoresis and Test for Rheumatoid Arthritis (Rh Factor ) are performed for detecting the cause of osteoporosis.

Test to determine bone resorption markers: The test assesses the levels of the biochemical markers which determine the rate of bone loss or bone resorption. The test is performed before and after osteoporosis treatment to evaluate the amount of bone loss. The bone markers for the rate of bone resorption include:

  • C-telopeptide
  • Deoxypyridinoline
  • Pyridinium crosslinks
  • Urinary hydroxyproline
  • Urinary collagen type-I cross-linked telopeptide
  • Bone sialoprotein
  • Deoxypyridinoline

Test to determine bone formation indicators: This test determines the rate of bone formation or bone production. The biomarkers that determine the rate of bone formation include:

  • Osteocalcin
  • Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase
  • Procollagen type-I N-terminal propeptide and C-terminal

Bone mineral density scan: The test is performed to assess the bone density and determine if you have osteoporosis. The test uses DEXA scan by calculating standard deviation values to the bone density. The spine, hip and other bones are usually scanned for diagnosing osteoporosis.

Values (Mean standard deviation) Interpretation
1 or above Normal bone density
-1 to -2.5 A condition where new bone does not readily replace with the old bone tissues.
Lower than -2.5 Confirms osteoporosis

 

Imaging scan: X-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan and positron emission testing (PET) scan provides detailed images of the bones. This helps in monitoring the bone density and bone loss.

Treatment

The treatment for osteoporosis includes the use of bisphosphonates, calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Other therapies such as the use of estrogen for hormone replacement therapy in post-menopausal women and testosterone in men help in maintaining optimum bone density. Analgesic pain relievers are used in combination with other medications to treat bone and body pains.

Prevention

  1. Protein supplements: Regular Intake of protein or use of protein supplements help in building bone mass and reduces the risk of bone damage.
  2. Body weight: Being over or underweight increase the risk of bone fractures or bone loss. Thus, maintaining an optimum weight helps in reducing the risk of osteoporosis and other bone disorders.
  3. Calcium supplements: Daily intake of calcium-rich foods such as milk, soy, green leafy vegetables, orange juice and calcium-fortified cereals increase the amount of calcium levels in the body.
  4. Vitamin D supplements: Vitamin D increases the rate of absorption of calcium in the body. It is available in abundance through sunlight. Thus, regular exposure to sunlight at dawn and dusk reduces the risk of developing osteoporosis.
  5. Exercise: Maintaining physical fitness with regular exercise helps in building strong bones and lowers the risk of bone loss.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

Reference

  1. Osteoporosis. https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/osteoporosis/start/1. Accessed on 25/10/2017
  2. Osteoporosis. https://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/default.htm. Accessed on 25/10/2017
  3. Osteoporosis. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968. Accessed on 25/10/2017
  4. Osteoporosis. https://www.medicinenet.com/osteoporosis/article.htm#what_are_osteoporosis_symptoms_and_signs. Accessed on 25/10/2017


Patient Testimonials

“Excellence of Apollo Diagnostics is already a recognized fact across India. Adding more strength to their reputation is their caring nature and supportive attitude. I’ll always prefer to take their services than selecting mediocre quality making any compromise with my health.”

Mr. Shahul Hameed, Chennai

“The way Apollo Diagnostics kept me at ease during the sample collection process, the way they supported me to be at my convenience and confidence is really something I’ll always remember. They were also flawless in maintaining the hygiene. Hats off to them!”

Mr. Laxmi Kantham, Hyderabad

“Awesome is probably the one word to express my views about Apollo Diagnostics. Efficiency, punctuality, compassion, sincerity…I’ll give high marks to them in all of these. Great going, Apollo!”

Shivaraj Kadam, Pune

“Thanks for the seamless service. Based on my experience I can assure that, be it quality or punctuality, Apollo Diagnostics is one name to trust and depend on.”

Mr. Thomas, Mysuru

“Excellent sense of timing! The technician arrived right on time. He was really well-trained, in terms of his skill and manner, as well. Apollo Diagnostics is doing a great job.”

Subbalakshmi, Vizag

“Appreciate the quality of service that I’ve received from Apollo Diagnostics. Their competence, caring nature, sincerity, valuing customer’s time – all these together have shaped them as the most trusted diagnostic service provider in the country.
Keep up the good work!

Mrs. Pravati Dash, Bengaluru

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad

“Their accurate understanding of customer’s needs is one thing that set them apart and ahead of all others. As a result, it becomes easier for them to deliver the right service, that with their matchless efficiency and care to ensure less pain and easily accomplished sample collection. Apollo Diagnostics is simply doing an amazing job!”

Soundarya Abhirami, Hyderabad

“The overall service standard of Apollo Diagnostics is admirably high. The technician was punctual and well-behaved, and has the genuine skill to collect the test sample without troubling the customer. These are probably some of the major reasons for them to be the best in India.”

Mrs. Lakshmi, Chennai

“The most crucial factor with Apollo Diagnostics is that they always train their Phlebotomists so well that the team consistently remains efficient and punctual and we receive a premium quality diagnostic service. Good job. Keep it up.”

Mr. Amit Kumar Patil, Bengaluru

Service they deliver is no less than the promise they make. Be it quality, respect for customer’s time, or efficiency of their technicians…simply matchless. I confidently recommend Apollo Diagnostics to everyone.”

Nanjappa, Mysuru