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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a bone disorder caused due to decreased bone production which in turn increases the risk of bone fractures. Osteoporosis occurs when the production of a new bone cells is not sufficient to replace the old bone cells.

Factors such as reduced hormone production such as estrogen and progesterone in females, testosterone in males, low body weight, ageing or other underlying abnormalities increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is widely prevalent among the geriatric population, with a large number of cases reported among women. In the global scenario, Asian and Caucasian women are reported with a higher number of osteoporosis cases when compared to women of other races.

Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis

The signs and symptoms of osteoporosis include:

  1. Frequent bone fractures
  2. Stooped posture
  3. Loss of height
  4. Poor bone healing post-fracture or a bone surgery
  5. Chronic lower back pain
  6. Bone pain
  7. Joint pains
  8. Weight loss

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of osteoporosis include:

Blood tests: Blood samples are collected to determine the effect of underlying factors that may affect the bone mineral density. Thyroid function test, kidney function test, Electrolytes, Vitamin D deficiency, Calcium, protein electrophoresis and Test for Rheumatoid Arthritis (Rh Factor ) are performed for detecting the cause of osteoporosis.

Test to determine bone resorption markers: The test assesses the levels of the biochemical markers which determine the rate of bone loss or bone resorption. The test is performed before and after osteoporosis treatment to evaluate the amount of bone loss. The bone markers for the rate of bone resorption include:

  • C-telopeptide
  • Deoxypyridinoline
  • Pyridinium crosslinks
  • Urinary hydroxyproline
  • Urinary collagen type-I cross-linked telopeptide
  • Bone sialoprotein
  • Deoxypyridinoline

Test to determine bone formation indicators: This test determines the rate of bone formation or bone production. The biomarkers that determine the rate of bone formation include:

  • Osteocalcin
  • Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase
  • Procollagen type-I N-terminal propeptide and C-terminal

Bone mineral density scan: The test is performed to assess the bone density and determine if you have osteoporosis. The test uses DEXA scan by calculating standard deviation values to the bone density. The spine, hip and other bones are usually scanned for diagnosing osteoporosis.

Values (Mean standard deviation) Interpretation
1 or above Normal bone density
-1 to -2.5 A condition where new bone does not readily replace with the old bone tissues.
Lower than -2.5 Confirms osteoporosis

 

Imaging scan: X-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan and positron emission testing (PET) scan provides detailed images of the bones. This helps in monitoring the bone density and bone loss.

Treatment

The treatment for osteoporosis includes the use of bisphosphonates, calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Other therapies such as the use of estrogen for hormone replacement therapy in post-menopausal women and testosterone in men help in maintaining optimum bone density. Analgesic pain relievers are used in combination with other medications to treat bone and body pains.

Prevention

  1. Protein supplements: Regular Intake of protein or use of protein supplements help in building bone mass and reduces the risk of bone damage.
  2. Body weight: Being over or underweight increase the risk of bone fractures or bone loss. Thus, maintaining an optimum weight helps in reducing the risk of osteoporosis and other bone disorders.
  3. Calcium supplements: Daily intake of calcium-rich foods such as milk, soy, green leafy vegetables, orange juice and calcium-fortified cereals increase the amount of calcium levels in the body.
  4. Vitamin D supplements: Vitamin D increases the rate of absorption of calcium in the body. It is available in abundance through sunlight. Thus, regular exposure to sunlight at dawn and dusk reduces the risk of developing osteoporosis.
  5. Exercise: Maintaining physical fitness with regular exercise helps in building strong bones and lowers the risk of bone loss.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

Reference

  1. Osteoporosis. https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/osteoporosis/start/1. Accessed on 25/10/2017
  2. Osteoporosis. https://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/default.htm. Accessed on 25/10/2017
  3. Osteoporosis. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351968. Accessed on 25/10/2017
  4. Osteoporosis. https://www.medicinenet.com/osteoporosis/article.htm#what_are_osteoporosis_symptoms_and_signs. Accessed on 25/10/2017


Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

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Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad