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Menopause

Menopause is a normal condition which every woman experiences as she ages. The term “menopause” describe any changes that a woman goes through either just before or after she stops having periods. This marks the end of her reproductive period. A woman is said to be menopausal is she has not had periods for at least a year. The onset of menopause is usually between 45-55 years of age. Autoimmune disorders, excessive smoking, and damage to the ovaries may lead to early menopause.

Signs and symptoms

Menopausal symptoms may have a significant impact on the routine life of women. During menopause, you are most likely to experience the following signs and symptoms:

  1. Hot flashes: Hot flashes are sudden feeling of heat accompanied with flushed face and sweating. Most women experience hot flashes during menopause. Some women may also have night sweats.
  2. Sleep problems: While approaching menopause women might have trouble to fall asleep or stay asleep.
  3. Pain during intercourse: Menopausal women may have painful intercourse due to vaginal dryness.
  4. Frequent urination: The urge to urinate increases and you may also experience painful urination. Frequent urination occurs due to the loss of elasticity in the tissues surrounding your vagina and urethra.
  5. Mood swings: Symptoms like irritability, anxiety, and depression may reach extreme heights during menopause.
  6. Physical changes: Some women may experience weight gain due to increased fat deposit around their waistline. You may notice dry skin and thinner hair.

Apart from the above-mentioned symptoms, during menopause you are more susceptible to urinary tract infections. Due to the decreased production of estrogen hormone, some women may have breast shrinkage. Hormonal changes can cause difficulty in focusing, learning and memory retention.

Tests for Menopause

If the doctor suspects that your symptoms are associated with menopause he would recommend the following hormonal tests.

  1. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): High levels of FSH in blood an indication that you are nearing menopause. Make sure that you are not taking any contraceptive medications while checking FSH levels as they can tamper with the test results.
  2. Thyroid-profile (T3, T4 and TSH): Symptoms of hypothyroidism are similar to menopause symptoms. Levels of T3, T4 and TSH helps to detect thyroid dysfunction.

Treatment for menopause

Home measures

  • Include more amounts of fruits and vegetables as they slow the process of aging and improves your hormonal balance. High-fiber foods help in balancing the production of estrogen.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids and flax seeds facilitate the hormone production. Probiotics helps to prevent urinary tract infections during menopause.
  • Adequate fluid intake helps to decrease bloating and hot flashes.

Medical interventions

Certain medications that can relieve your symptoms of menopause are as follows:

Hormone therapy: Estrogen therapy is considered as one of the most effective treatments in controlling and relieving the menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and bone loss. Vaginal estrogen relieves discomfort during intercourse, vaginal dryness, and certain urinary symptoms.

Anti-depressants: Low dose of anti-depressant medications that belong to the class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to reduce hot flashes and manage mood disorders.

Other medications: Gabapentin is known to reduce menopausal hot flashes. Clonidine can be used to treat hypertension and relieve hot flashes during menopause stage. Vitamin D supplements help to strengthen your bones and prevent osteoporosis at the time of menopause.

Lifestyle changes

Choosing healthy lifestyle habits can keep you healthy and make the symptoms subside in a long run. The following are a few tips to ease the symptoms of menopause:

  1. Healthy diet: Foods such as soy, wheat, potatoes, apples boost estrogen levels and thus help to reduce menopausal symptoms.
  2. Avoid caffeine and alcohol: Limit the intake of caffeine and alcohol as it can interfere with your sleep patterns.
  3. Quit smoking: Smoking can trigger hot flashes, irritate your bladder and can weaken your bones.
  4. Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity helps in managing the symptoms of stress like anxiety and irritability. It also strengthens your bones and improves your sleep.
  5. Avoid packaged foods: Processed and packed foods contain high amounts of chemical preservatives that can worsen the hormonal imbalances.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424. 

References

  1. Menopause (What do you want to know about menopause?) https://www.healthline.com/health/menopause. Accessed on 05-10-2017
  2. Menopause (What are the symptoms and signs of menopause?) https://www.healthline.com/health/menopause/symptoms-signs#overview1. Accessed on 06-10-2017
  3. Menopause (How do I know if I’m in menopause?)  https://www.webmd.com/menopause/guide/understanding-menopause-symptoms#1. Accessed on 06-10-2017
  4. Menopause (Menopause tests and diagnosis) https://www.healthline.com/health/menopause/tests-diagnosis#menopause1. Accessed on 06-10-2017
  5. Menopause (Diagnosis and treatment) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menopause/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353401. Accessed on 06-10-2017
  6. Menopause https://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause/symptom-relief-treatment/natural-alternative-treatments-lifestyle-changes.html. Accessed on 06-10-2017

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal