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Diabetes in Adult

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus (DM, Majorly Type 2 Diabetes in adult), is a metabolic disorder in which there is a high blood sugar level. In India, diabetes affects more than 62 million people, which is more than 7.1% of the adult population. Every year almost 1 million Indians die due to diabetes.

People who are obese, have a family history of diabetes, or lead a sedentary lifestyle with lack of exercise are more prone to have type 2 diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes may appear slowly. Some people may not notice the symptoms until it aggravates. The warning signs and symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness (Diabetic coma)

How to find out whether I have diabetes?

Few blood and urine tests that help to check for high glucose levels include:

  • HbA1c blood test: HbA1c or glycated hemoglobin develops when hemoglobin combines with glucose in blood. Levels of HbA1c gives an estimate of the average blood sugar over a week or month. In this test a reading between 5.7% and 6.4 % suggests that the patient has a higher chance of diabetes. A reading of 6.5 % indicates that the patient is diabetic. If the reading is more than 6.5 %, it indicates that the patient has poor control over blood sugar level.
  • A fasting plasma glucose test helps to detect diabetes or pre-diabetes. In this test, blood glucose is measured after the patient had been fasting for 8 hours and had only plain water during this phase.
  • Post prandial glucose test involves assessing the blood sugar levels after you have had your meal. This test helps in assessing how tolerant your body is to glucose.
  • An oral glucose tolerance test helps to measure diabetes or pre-diabetes. It measures the blood sugar after the patient eats nothing for 8 hours and then 2 hours after the patient drinks a glucose containing beverage.
  • A random plasma glucose test after the assessment of the symptoms helps to diagnose diabetes but not pre-diabetes. This test is done irrespective of the time when the patient had the last meal.

A positive result of this test should be confirmed by doing a fasting plasma glucose test or the oral glucose tolerance test on another day.

How to prevent the complications related to diabetes?

Complications related to diabetes can be deadly but if diagnosed early, the complications can be prevented. There are various tests that help to prevent and complications related to diabetes. They are:
1. Tests for eye problems (retinopathy):

A person with diabetes, who is more than 12 years of age, should undergo a retinal examination yearly. During the screening of your retina, a photograph of the retina will be taken to examine how healthy it is.

2.Tests for peripheral nerve damage and circulation:

People with diabetes should have a thorough foot examination every year. Sensations such as heat and cold, touch and also the circulation in the feet will be examined to ensure there is no nerve damage or circulatory inefficiency caused due to diabetes.

3.Tests for cholesterol:

People with diabetes should undergo blood test every year to examine the cholesterol levels. This will help to prevent any cardiovascular problems in future.

4.Screening for blood pressure:

Diabetics are prone to develop high blood pressure. People with diabetes should measure the blood pressure levels in order to prevent any further complications.

5.Screening for kidney diseases (nephropathy):

People with diabetes are more prone to develop kidney problems. Therefore, it is very essential for all the diabetes patients to kidney function test. In this test, a sample of the patient’s urine will be collected and examined for protein in the urine.

Diabetes Management

The major goal in diabetes management is to control the blood glucose levels within the normal range and prevent the complications related to diabetes.

  1. Type 1 diabetes can be treated with anti-diabetic medications, regular exercise and proper balanced diet.
  2. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with a proper diet, weight management, exercises and life style modifications like avoiding alcohol, smoking etc. Oral medications are also prescribed for treating type 2 diabetes. If oral medications are not effective then insulin injection is suggested.
  3. Diabetes Diet – Adherence to a strict diabetic diet plan is very essential to control diabetes. Factors like the amount of carbohydrates, fats, protein and fiber required for maintaining healthy glucose levels should be considered while preparing a diet plan. The timing of the meals should coincide with insulin administration as suggested by the physician.
  4. Weight management and exercise – Weight management and exercise are the important aspects of diabetes management. Weight reduction and exercise increases body’s sensitivity to insulin which helps to control elevated blood sugar levels.
  5. Surgical treatment – Transplantation of pancreas would the last measure that can be opted to treat diabetes when other hypoglycemic therapy fails.

At home measures:

The following measures should be adopted to prevent complications of diabetes:

  1. Take care of your feet. Check for any blisters, cuts, sores, swelling or redness. Consult the doctor if the cut or sore does not heal.
  2. Be aware about the symptoms of hypoglycemia like sweating, shakiness, hunger, dizziness or light headedness, irregular or rapid heartbeat, fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, and headaches etc. If any of these symptoms arises, seek for medical attention.
  3. Exercise and physical activity should be an essential part of the daily routine.
  4. Monitor the blood sugar levels frequently.
  5. Take small frequent meals throughout the day.
  6. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad