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Dengue

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection. It initially causes flu-like symptoms but can result in life threatening complications if not treated on time. Dengue fever is more prevalent in areas with tropical and subtropical climates.

Dengue fever affects people of all age groups but the incidence is higher in people in their 50’s. The symptoms of dengue fever usually develop after 4-7 days of acquiring the infection and lasts for ten days. Proper diagnosis and early treatment can lower the risk of death to 1%.

Signs and Symptoms

You may experience the following symptoms on acquiring dengue fever:

  1. Sudden fever spikes (around 1050 F)
  2. Severe headache
  3. Severe body pains and chills
  4. Bone, joints and muscle pain
  5. Nausea and vomiting
  6. Bleeding from the nose and gums
  7. Febrile convulsions
  8. Skin rash

Most patients with dengue fever mostly recover within 2-7 days. However, some patients may develop a serious complication referred to as dengue hemorrhagic fever. This condition can cause severe organ failure, excessive bleeding, dehydration, and even death.

Diagnosis of dengue fever

The following tests help in the determining dengue infection:

Complete blood picture: Severe dengue fever is associated with low levels of hemoglobin, and red blood cells. Dengue infection can damage the platelets therefore a low platelet count would be seen in CBC.

Antibody tests: When a person is exposed to the virus, the immune system produces antibodies IgG and IgM. These antibodies are detected by the antibody tests.

NS1 Antigen testing: Presence of NS1 antigen in blood in indicative of acute dengue infection. This antigen can be detected as soon as 24 hours and upto nine days after the onset of symptoms.

Molecular Tests (PCR): This test helps in detecting dengue virus and identifying the specific strain of virus that has caused the infection.

Basal Metabolic Panel: This test can help in determining the severity of dehydration in cases of complicated dengue.

Management of Dengue fever

  1. Home Measures

Certain measures can help in managing the symptoms and speed up recovery:

  • Giloy: It is an Ayurvedic herbal remedy, which strengthens your immune system and protects your body against infections.
  • Carica papaya extract: The extract of Carica papaya is effective in inhibiting the growth and development of the virus in the body. Thus, it helps in treating the symptoms of dengue fever.
  • Fenugreek leaves: These leaves help in relieving pain and have a sedative effect.
  • Turmeric: It boosts metabolism and fastens the healing process.
  1. Medical Interventions

There is no specific treatment to cure dengue fever. However, certain medications can be useful to manage the symptoms.

  1. Antipyretic medications- These are the most commonly prescribed medications to lower the body temperature. These medicines regulate body temperature that is used to treat sharp fever spikes for a specified period.
  2. Analgesic drugs: These medicines help in relieving the symptoms of pain as the fever causes pain in the bones and joints.
  3. Blood transfusion: Blood transfusion for platelets is recommended if there are signs of active bleeding and the platelet count is below 10,000 cells per microliter of blood.
  4. Electrolyte infusions: This can be done in order to prevent dehydration in dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Prevention of Dengue

  • Use of mosquito nets: Using mosquito nets is one of the most reliable way to stay away from mosquitoes.
  • Use of natural repellents: The use of natural repellents such as lemon eucalyptus oil, Lavender oil, Neem oil and Cinnamon oil act as natural repellents that protects you from mosquitoes.
  • Maintaining clean environment: Maintaining your surrounding clean and tidy prevents the growth of mosquitoes that are responsible for causing dengue fever.
  • Prevent stagnation of water: Stagnant water is the most common mosquito breeding sites. Therefore, vases and containers that hold water should be cleaned and refilled at-least once a week.

 Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

References

  1. Dengue Fever. https://www.healthline.com/health/dengue-fever#overview1. Accessed on 16/10/2017
  2. Dengue Fever. https://www.emedicinehealth.com/dengue_fever/article_em.htm. Accessed on 16/10/2017
  3. Dengue Fever. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215840-overview. Accessed on 16/10/2017
  4. How to Prevent and Treat Dengue: 6 Home Remedies. http://food.ndtv.com/opinions/how-to-prevent-and-treat-dengue-6-home-remedies-1212223. Accessed on 17/10/2017

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal