The human body uses carbohydrates as source of energy by converting it into glucose. Excess glucose is eliminated from the body through the urine. However, if excess glucose in the form of sugar accumulates in the body, it has an adverse on an individual’s health. Usually, there is no sugar present in the urine, but when sugar levels are high in blood, the kidneys release sugar into the urine. A simple test like the urine sugar is thus, a quick way to detect increased levels of sugar in the body.
Why is the test performed?
The urine sugar test may be ordered as a screening test for high sugar levels of diabetes.
When is the test recommended?
A urine sugar test may be ordered to screen people who are at a risk of developing diabetes and to monitor glucose levels in individuals already suffering from diabetes. The test may also be ordered if an individual exhibits any of the following signs and symptoms:
- Increased appetite
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Blurry vision
A urine sugar test may also be ordered when a physician suspects a rare renal disorder known as renal glycosuria. In this condition, though the blood glucose levels are normal, sugar is found in urine due to problems in the kidneys.
How to prepare for the test?
The person who is taking the test should inform to the doctor about all the medicines and supplements he or she is taking.
How is the sample collected?
A urine sample is collected.