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Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disorders which is occurs due to decreased synthesis of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone is responsible for regulating various metabolic processes in your body.  Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of an underactive thyroid. In India, hypothyroidism is known to affect one out of every 10 adults.

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are not specific and vary in every patient. Decreased production of thyroid hormone may result in symptoms such as:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Weight gain
  3. Muscle weakness
  4. Decreased libido
  5. Unusual weakness
  6. Hair loss
  7. Cold intolerance
  8. Constipation
  9. Memory problems
  10. Heavy bleeding during periods and irregular menstrual cycles

How to find out whether I have Hypothyroidism?

If you experience any symptoms of Hypothyroidism, consult your doctor. The doctor would examine you and prescribe certain tests to assess thyroid function.

Physical examination

If you have hypothyroidism, your doctor may find the following on physical examination:

  • Swelling around the thyroid gland
  • Slow reflexes
  • Skin dryness

Blood tests

The blood levels of thyroid hormones are determined to confirm the diagnosis of hypothyroidism. It is important to have the thyroid hormone levels tested once in every three months. During this test, a sample of your blood is collected and is tested for:

Levels of thyroid hormones: Levels of T4- thyroxine, and T3- triiodothyronine hormones are tested for an under-active thyroid. In hypothyroidism, the levels of T4 are lower than the normal.

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH): The pituitary gland produces the thyroid stimulating hormone, which stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4 hormones.

Understand your own test results

It is important to know about the reference values of thyroid hormones. Refer the following tables and interpret your results.

Thyroid test Normal range
T3 80-200ng/dL
T4 4.5-12.5 µg/dL
TSH 0.5-4.70 µIU/mL


 Check the table below and find out what the deviation in the values mean.


Results Interpretation
T3, T4- normal; TSH -high Mild hypothyroidism
T3, T4- low; TSH- high Hypothyroidism


How to treat Hypothyroidism?

Lifestyle measures

  1. Healthy diet: High-fiber diet helps in overcoming the problems with elimination, which is common in people with hypothyroidism.
  2. Contrast Hydrotherapy: Placing warm and cold towels alternately around the thyroid region can stimulate the thyroid function.
  3. Cut the sugars: Avoid sugary rich foods as they can contribute to hormonal disturbance and result in changes in your metabolism.
  4. Probiotic-rich foods: Fermented dairy products like milk yogurt, helps in improving the gut environment and thereby improves the overall metabolism in your body.
  5. Yoga: Certain yoga poses enhance the blood flow to your neck region.

Medical management

An under-active thyroid can be treated by using synthetic levothyroxine medication. Taking levothyroxine medication regularly helps in improving the symptoms of hypothyroidism and stimulates the production of thyroid hormones.

Avoid taking calcium or iron supplements at the same time while taking thyroid medicine. This reduces the absorption of thyroid medication. Iron or calcium medications should be taken before or after a gap of at least 4 hours of taking thyroid medication. Drinking coffee can also cause deceased absorption of thyroid medication.

Iodine supplements can be prescribed to normalize your iodine levels.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.


  1. Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in adults.  Accessed on 10-10-2017
  2. Hypothyroidism: Overview, causes, and symptoms. . Accessed on 10-10-2017
  3. Understanding your thyroid blood tests and results.  Accessed on 11-10-2017
  4. Hypothyroidism TSH levels.  Accessed on 11-10-2017
  5. Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) – Treatment. Accessed on 11-10-2017
  6. Hypothyroidism – Medications.  Accessed on 11-10-2017

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“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad