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Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition in which the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of the blood vessels increases. Individuals who suffer from hypertension for a long period are susceptible to develop conditions such as heart attack and stroke. Hypertension affects a large proportion of the Indian community. Nearly 25 – 30% of urban Indian population and 10 – 12 % of rural Indian population have hypertension.

Signs and symptoms

Initially, there may be no symptoms associated with high blood pressure. However, if there is a progressive increase in your blood pressure you may experience the following symptoms:

  1. Dull or severe headache
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Dizziness
  4. Frequent nosebleeds
  5. Vision problems
  6. Difficulty in breathing
  7. Palpitations
  8. Profuse sweating
  9. Chest pain

How to know whether I have hypertension?

If you experience any of the symptoms associated with hypertension, consult your doctor. Your healthcare provider would first check your blood pressure by using a device known as a sphygmomanometer.

How to measure blood pressure?

Firstly, an arm cuff is tied around your upper arm and inflated with a pump till the blood flow is completely restricted. Now the doctor would deflate the cuff and would place the stethoscope on your arm to listen for the flow of the blood rushing through the arteries. The pressure at which the first rushing sound of blood is obtained is the systolic blood pressure, whereas the pressure at which the sound of rushing blood fades is the diastolic pressure.

Interpret your test results

A normal blood pressure in adults is 120/80mmHg, where 120mmHg indicates the systolic pressure and 80mmHg denotes the diastolic pressure.

Blood pressure stages

Category Systolic (mm Hg) Diastolic (mm Hg)
Normal <120 <80
Prehypertension 120-139 80-89
Hypertension stage 1 140-159 90-99
Hypertension stage 2 160 or > 160 100 or > 100
Hypertensive crisis > 180 > 110

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is done using a small digital blood pressure machine which is attached to a belt around your waist and connected to a cuff around your upper arm. This device helps in monitoring your blood pressure for up to 24 hours. ABPM is useful when there is excessive variability in the BP throughout the day and when your nocturnal BP needs to be recorded.

The other tests that may help include:

  • Urine test to check for kidney or liver disease
  • Blood tests for levels of potassium, sodium, and cholesterol
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram

Management of Hypertension

Lifestyle measures

  • Weight management – Being overweight puts excessive strain on your heart and increases blood pressure. Losing weight by proper nutrition and exercise can reduce your BP.
  • Healthy diet – A diet rich in fruits, whole grains, vegetables and low-fat dairy products helps in reducing blood pressure levels.
  • Decrease salt intake – Salt in blood increases blood pressure. Therefore, minimizing salt intake would help to reduce your blood pressure your blood pressure.
  • Keep moving – Exercising on a regular basis has been known to cause long term reduction of blood pressure
  • Limit alcohol consumption – Excessive consumption of alcohol can raise your blood pressure and can also reduce the effectiveness of medications.
  • Eliminate stress – Avoid doing activities that trigger stress. Practice yoga, meditation and deep breathing to alleviate stress.
  • Quit smoking – Nicotine, a by-product of cigarette smoke increases blood pressure.

Medical management

Your doctor would prescribe you medications based on the cause and severity of hypertension. The drugs prescribed for hypertension reduce blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels walls and inhibiting the actions of the chemicals that constrict blood vessels.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.


  1. Home remedies. Accessed on 26-09-2017
  2. Hypertension medication. –  Accessed on 26-09-2017
  3. Treatment. – Accessed on 26-09-2017

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad