Cap
Nabl
Ukas
Anab
Customer care
Search
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in comments
Search in excerpt
Filter by Custom Post Type

Heart Attack

Heart attack or ‘myocardial infarction’ is one of the most common coronary heart disease and it occurs due severe reduction of the blood supply to the heart. This reduction of blood supply occurs owing to the obstruction or spasm of one or more coronary (artery supplying blood to heart) arteries. Atherosclerosis (deposition of fat cells, cholesterol, inflammatory substances in the arteries which cause narrowing of arteries) is the leading cause of heart attacks. Nearly 32% percent of adults in India die due to coronary heart disease each year.The numbers are rising due to factors such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, stress and unhealthy diet.

Heart attack infographics in low color style. Isolated icon and object Heart disease factors. Medical Infographic set elements and symbols for design.

 

Signs and symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms of heart attack are:

  1. Pain, discomfort, pressure sensation on the left side or the center of the chest or left arm which may radiate to the neck, jaw or throat
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Dizziness or lightheadedness
  4. Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  5. Indigestion or choking feeling (similar to heartburn)
  6. Nervousness and anxiety
  7. Extreme weakness
  8. Shortness of breath

Diagnosis of heart attack

If you suspect the symptoms of heart attack, rush to the hospital immediately. An emergency team will begin to evaluate the symptoms and diagnose the heart attack. The following are the tests are performed for the diagnosis of heart attack

Electrocardiography (ECG)

An electrocardiogram helps to assess the electrical activity of the heart. Small electrodes or sensors are used to record the electrical impulses that your heart produces. The ECG can help to evaluate the degree of damage to the heart muscle and also locate where the damage has occurred.

Blood tests

A sample of your blood is collected and tested for the levels of cardiac enzymes and troponin. Cardiac enzymes and troponin (a protein marker) are normally found within the heart cells. However, when there is a damage to the heart muscle, these are released in the blood stream. The levels of these components help to determine the degree of damage of the heart muscle.

Echocardiography

An echocardiogram uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of your heart. It helps in finding out which parts of the heart are not pumping out blood normally.  The test helps in identifying the area of your heart that is damaged such as problems with heart valves or chambers.

Coronary angiography

A coronary angiography helps in locating the blocked areas in the coronary arteries. During the procedure, a thin hollow tube (catheter) is passed through an artery. A special dye known as a contrast medium is injected into the catheter, which highlights the narrowed or blocked blood vessels on X-ray.

Chest X-ray

A chest X-ray is helpful in identifying the possible complications of heart attack such as pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lung) and enlargement of heart chambers.

How to treat a heart attack?

It is not advised to delay the treatment if you experience any symptoms of heart attack. Immediate medical attention reduces the complications of heart attack.

Medications

  • Antiplatelet and anticoagulants help to prevent blood clots.
  • Thrombolytics dissolve the blood clots and enable the free blood flow to your heart.
  • Pain relievers relieve chest pain.
  • Nitroglycerin helps in widening the blood vessels and increases the blood flow to the heart.
  • ACE inhibitor medications help in controlling the blood pressure.

Surgical procedures

Coronary angioplasty and stent placement

Coronary angioplasty helps in correcting the blocked artery. During the surgery, the doctor inserts a thin tube (catheter) through the blocked artery. A special balloon is attached to the catheter which opens up the blocked coronary artery. A small, mesh tube known as a stent is placed in the blocked area which increases the diameter of the blood vessel and restores the blood flow to the heart.

Coronary artery bypass surgery

This is a surgery in which a healthy blood vessel is connected or grafted to the blocked artery of the heart. This new blood vessel bypasses the blocked part of the blood vessel and provides a new route for the blood to flow.

Complications of a heart attack

The damage caused by a heart attack can result in the following complications:

  • A sudden heart attack can develop abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), which can be fatal.
  • The damage caused to the heart muscle may decrease the capacity of your heart to pump blood to the other parts of the body. This can result in temporary or permanent heart failure.
  • Your weakened heart muscle may rupture.
  • A heart attack may damage your heart valves.

Preventive measures

Following certain lifestyle changes helps in preventing the risk of heart attack.

  1. Healthy eating habits: The food that you consume plays a major role in controlling the risk of heart attack. Foods rich in high unsaturated fat like oily fish, legumes, and nuts increase the level of good cholesterol. Saturated fats which is present in meat and dairy products would increase your cholesterol levels. Avoid taking high amounts of salts and sugars in your diet.
  2. Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity like walking, cycling and swimming keeps you fit, improves heart function and helps in maintaining your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
  3. Quit smoking and drinking alcohol: Smoking and consuming alcohol raises blood pressure and increases the risk of heart attacks.
  4. Control Weight: Obesity is a major risk factor associated with heart disease. Increased physical activity and healthy diet can help to maintain healthy body weight.
  5. Monitor your cholesterol and blood pressure levels: Abnormal lipid levels and high blood pressure might lead to cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack. Regular health checkups help to reduce the risk factors that contribute to heart attack.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

References

  1. Rajeev Gupta, Indu Mohan M, Jagat Narula. Trends in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology in India. Annals of Global Health. Volume 82, Issue 2, March–April 2016, Pages 307-315
  2. Heart attack – Diagnosis. https://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Heart-attack/Pages/Diagnosis.aspx . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  3. Tests and diagnosis. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-attack/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20019520 . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  4. How is heart attack diagnosed? https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-heart-attacks#2 . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  5. Diseases and conditions – Heart attack. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-attack/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20019520?p=1 . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  6. Complications. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-attack/basics/complications/con-20019520 . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  7. Heart attack – prevention. https://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Heart-attack/Pages/Prevention.aspx . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  8. Lifestyle and home remedies. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-attack/basics/lifestyle-home-remedies/con-20019520 . Accessed on 23-10-2017
  9. Treatments and drugs. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-attack/basics/treatment/con-20019520 . Accessed on 23-10-2017


Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad