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The abnormal or noncancerous growths that develop from the smooth muscular lining the uterus are referred to as fibroids or leiomyoma of the uterus. Nearly, 20 – 50 % of the women develop fibroids during their reproductive age. The reason behind the formation of fibroid tumours is unknown. However, it is believed that fibroids occur due to the increased levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones during the menstrual cycle. These hormonal levels gradually decrease during menopause which causes the fibroids to shrink.

Signs and symptoms

Most of the women do not experience any specific symptoms related to fibroids. However, some women may experience symptoms depending upon the location, the number of fibroids and the size of the fibroids.

  1. Heavy menstrual bleeding: Women may experience heavy bleeding during menstruation and may develop anaemia. Anemia may be manifested as symptoms such as headache, fatigue, and light-headedness. Spotting is also seen in the women having fibroids.
  2. Pelvic pain: Pelvic pain mainly occurs when fibroids starts degenerating. Pelvic pain is usually subsides within 2 to 4 weeks.
  3. Bladder and bowel problems: Fibroids may exert pressure on the bladder and thereby increase the urge and frequency to urinate. Fibroids may also press onto the rectum and cause difficulty in bowel elimination.
  4. Low back pain: A large fibroid may press against the muscles and nerves of the back and cause severe back pain.
  5. Other symptoms: Presence of fibroids during pregnancy may lead to premature labour. Women having fibroids may have pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

How to find out whether I have fibroids?

 If you experience the symptoms of fibroids, you must consult a doctor. The doctor would suggest you to undergo a few diagnostic procedures. The following tests are done for diagnosing fibroids:

  1. Ultrasound scan: Ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of the uterus. Transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound are safe and reliable tests to detect uterine fibroids. Transabdominal ultrasound helps in detecting the fibroids on the outer wall of the uterus whereas transvaginal ultrasound helps in detecting the fibroids on the inner lining of the uterus.
  2. Hysteroscopy: Hysteroscope is an instrument which is inserted through the cervix. This helps in viewing the inside of the uterus and the fallopian tubes.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): It is a non-invasive imaging procedure, which gives a detailed picture of the number, size and location of the fibroids. This is an expensive test and not all women with fibroids need to undergo this test. Only those women who are undergoing surgery to remove the fibroids need to take this test.
  4. Hysterosalpingography: Hysterosalpingography is a procedure in which clear X-ray images of the uterus and fallopian tube are obtained. This test is usually done to rule out any obstruction of the fallopian tubes.
  5. Complete blood picture: Owing to heavy menstrual bleeding, you may develop anemia. Low levels of red blood cells and haemoglobin on your blood picture is indicative of anemia.

Treatment for fibroids

Natural remedies to treat fibroids

  1. Foods that heal fibroids and its symptoms: Green leafy vegetables are rich in vitamin-K, which is helpful in controlling the menstrual bleeding and reducing the growth of fibroids. Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, tomato, and apple are believed to reduce the incidence of uterine fibroids in women. Beta-carotene rich foods like carrots, kale, and sweet potatoes promotes repair of tissues and thus help in healing fibroids. Iron-rich foods like legumes prevent anaemia due to excessive blood loss during menstrual periods. Flaxseeds help in maintain the estrogen levels, which helps to shrink fibroids.
  2. Supplements to reduce fibroids: Supplements like B-complex, flaxseed oil, milk thistle help in normalizing the estrogen levels in your body and thus aid in the reduction of fibroids.
  3. Foods to avoid: Foods such as refined sugars, alcohol, caffeine and conventional dairy products may mess up with the hormonal balance in the body. This may stimulate the growth of fibroids.


Most fibroids are asymptomatic. However, certain medications do help in shrinking fibroids, provide pain relief and also reduce the complications associated with fibroids such as heavy bleeding.

Surgical procedures

Myomectomy – Myomectomy is a laparoscopic procedure, where a small incision is made to remove the fibroids on the walls of the uterus.

Hysterectomy – In this surgery, the uterus is removed. Women who have crossed the childbearing stage can opt for this procedure. This is usually recommended if you have large fibroids or heavy menstrual bleeding.

Hysteroscopic morcellation of fibroids – In this procedure, a hysteroscope is inserted through the cervix and a morcellator is used along with small surgical instruments to remove the fibroid tissue.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.            


  1. Fibroids (symptoms and causes). Accessed on 03-10-2017
  2. Fibroids (signs and symptoms). Accessed on 03-10-2017
  3. Accessed on 03-10-2017
  4. Fibroids (diagnosis). Accessed on 04-10-2017
  5. Fibroids (how are fibroids diagnosed). Accessed on 04-10-2017
  6. Fibroids (treating fibroids).  Accessed on 04-10-2017
  7. Fibroids (treatment).  Accessed on 04-10-2017
  8. Fibroids (8 ways to heal or prevent fibroids). . Accessed on 04-10-2017

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad