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Eczema

Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a condition characterized by skin inflammation. A person with eczema would have itchy, red and dry skin lesions. Genetic inheritance can also be a primary cause of eczema. People with eczema are more prone to develop allergic conditions such as hay fever or asthma.

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms of eczema vary for every individual. Sometimes, the symptoms may be spread to the other areas of the body. If you have allergic eczema, you are likely to notice the following signs and symptoms:

  1. Intense itching, especially at night
  2. Raised bumps over the skin
  3. Cracked skin
  4. Development of sensitive skin by scratching
  5. Extreme rashes over the skin
  6. Puffy and itchy eyelids
  7. Reddish or dark coloured patches on the skin
  8. Cracked or scaly skin

Diagnosis of eczema

If you observe the symptoms of eczema, consult your doctor.

Your doctor would observe the morphology of your skin and look for the symptoms of eczema. He would also ask you about,

  • Any recent exposure to allergens or irritants
  • Current medications that you are taking
  • About previous treatments pertaining to skin-related issues

The tests that your doctor may prescribe to check for eczema are as follows:

Blood tests

A small amount of blood sample is drawn and is tested for the presence of eosinophils. Increased levels of eosinophil cells in your blood sample indicate an immune reaction. The levels of allergen-specific IgE antibodies would also be assessed in the blood sample.

Skin tests

Skin biopsy: Skin biopsy is a procedure where your doctor numbs the skin and removes a small sample of your skin. The sample is examined under a microscope diagnose eczema.

Skin prick test: This test is used to identify the allergies that are caused by pollens, dust mites, and certain foods. Needles (lancelets) are used to remove skin tissue at the test site.

Patch testing: Patch test is done to identify the allergy that is caused due to substances such as fragrances, rubber, metals, resins, hair dyes, and preservatives. This test involves exposing your skin to certain extracts of substances (chemicals) and then evaluating your skin reaction.

 

Eczema Treatment

The treatment of eczema aims to relieve its symptoms and prevent itching. Eczema can be persistent and thus may require treatment for a long duration.

Moisturizers are very helpful in patients with eczema as it promotes skin repair and prevents skin dryness.

Medical interventions

Medications:  Over-the-counter topical corticosteroid creams, ointments, and solutions are used to relieve itchiness and skin inflammation. Other medications such as antihistamines can be useful in decreasing severe itching. Topical calcineurin inhibitors decrease inflammation. Eczema causes scratching and this may lead to the growth of bacteria over the skin. Topical antibiotics are used to treat bacterial skin infections if present.

Phototherapy: Ultraviolet light is used to treat moderate to severe eczema. The doctor would carefully assess the severity of eczema and prescribe the lowest possible dose. Careful monitoring is needed as phototherapy can increase the risk of skin cancer.

Wet wraps: Certain medicated bandages and wet dressings/wrappings over the affected area prevents scratching and allows the skin to heal quickly. This also prevents the skin from drying out.

Preventive measures

Individuals who have a family history of allergic diseases should follow these measures to prevent eczema

  1. Watch your personal care products: Choose your personal care products carefully as some people are more sensitive to certain soaps, shampoos, and shower gel. Consumption of certain medications can also aggravate skin irritation.
  2. Avoid harsh fabrics: Avoid wearing raw linen and synthetic fabrics that tend to irritate your skin. Wear cotton clothing to prevent skin irritation.
  3. Do not scratch: Avoid scratching as it causes damage to your skin. Gently rub over your skin to reduce itchiness.
  4. Use a humidifier: Use a humidifier in your home and workplace as dry air can cause dry skin.
  5. Choose your foods carefully: Avoid consuming foods that trigger allergic reactions. Foods such as nuts, dairy products, and wheat/gluten may stimulate allergies.
  6. Stay away from allergens: If you have any allergies like asthma, keep yourself away from allergy triggers such as pollen and pets.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

References

  1. What is eczema?. https://www.medicinenet.com/eczema_facts/article.htm.  Accessed on 11-10-2017
  2. What are the symptoms and signs of eczema? https://www.emedicinehealth.com/eczema/page3_em.htm.  Accessed on 11-10-2017
  3. Eczema symptoms and diagnosis. https://www.everydayhealth.com/eczema/guide/symptoms/.  Accessed on 12-10-2017
  4. Eczema diagnosis and tests. https://www.nationaljewish.org/conditions/eczema-atopic-dermatitis/do-i-have-eczema. Accessed on 12-10-2017
  5. Allergy skin tests. http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/allergy-tests/basics/what-you-can-expect/prc-20014505.  Accessed on 12-10-2017
  6. Treatments for eczema. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/14417.php.  Accessed on 12-10-2017
  7. 9 tips on how to prevent Eczema outbreaks. http://www.brunet.ca/en/advices/9-tips-how-prevent-eczema-outbreaks.html. Accessed on 11-10-2017


Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad