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Diabetes in Young

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus (DM), is a metabolic disorder in which there is a high blood sugar level. In India, there are approximately 97,700 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. It is also known as juvenile diabetes. The peak age of diagnosis of diabetes among children is 12-14  years.

Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Sugar from the bloods cannot be transferred to the cells due to absence of insulin, which in turn increases the blood sugar levels.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of type1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes develop rapidly over a period of few weeks but symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be slow and go undiagnosed for months or years.  The common symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Yeast infection in girls
  • Weight loss

How to find out whether my child has juvenile diabetes?

If your child has the above mentioned symptoms, immediately consult with a physician. The tests to diagnose juvenile diabetes include:

  • HbA1c test: This test will gives an estimate about the average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher is suggestive of diabetes.
  • Random blood sugar test: A blood sample will be taken at a random time regardless of when the patient had the last meal. The blood sugar level is checked and if the count shows 200 mg/dl or higher, it suggests diabetes.
  • Fasting blood sugar test: A fasting blood sample is collected when the patient is fasting for 8 hours. If the blood sugar level comes from 100 to 125 mg/dl, it is suggestive of pre-diabetes and if it is higher than 125 mg/dl it suggests diabetes.

Diabetes Management

Medical and Surgical Interventions

Treatment for juvenile diabetes includes:

  • Insulin injections as prescribed by the physician
  • Hypoglycemic medications that reduce blood sugar levels
  • Frequent blood sugar monitoring
  • Diabetic diet
  • Exercise and weight management to keep the blood sugar levels within the normal or target range

Treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus in children

Type 2 diabetes mellitus in children can be managed by diet modification by including all the essential nutrients in diet, exercise and weight management to maintain a healthy weight and diabetes medications like metformin as prescribed by the physician.

Surgical Treatment for diabetes: Pancreas transplantation is the surgical procedure that can be opted if other medical intervention fails to give the desired results.

Home Remedies:

Children with diabetes should strictly adhere to the following lifestyle changes and modifications in order to prevent the complications:

  1. Take care of your child’s feet. Check for any blisters, cuts, sores, swelling or redness. Consult the doctor if the cut or sore does not heal.
  2. Make your child aware about the symptoms of hypoglycaemia like sweating, shakiness, hunger, dizziness or light headedness, irregular or rapid heartbeat, fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, and headaches etc. If any of these symptoms arises, it should be informed to you immediately.
  3. Exercise and physical activity should be an essential part of the daily routine.
  4. Monitor the blood sugar levels frequently.
  5. Diet modifications by including nutritional diet that is given at regular intervals. Small and frequent meals should be given throughout the day.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.

Reference

  1. Kanakatte Mylariah Prasanna Kumar. Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in India. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Apr; 19(Suppl 1): S34–S35. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4413385/ Accessed on 16th October’17
  1. Diabetes in Children and Teens: Signs and Symptoms.https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/284974.php. Accessed on 17th October’17.

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal