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Diabetes in Young

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus (DM), is a metabolic disorder in which there is a high blood sugar level. In India, there are approximately 97,700 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. It is also known as juvenile diabetes. The peak age of diagnosis of diabetes among children is 12-14  years.

Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Sugar from the bloods cannot be transferred to the cells due to absence of insulin, which in turn increases the blood sugar levels.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of type1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes develop rapidly over a period of few weeks but symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be slow and go undiagnosed for months or years.  The common symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Yeast infection in girls
  • Weight loss

How to find out whether my child has juvenile diabetes?

If your child has the above mentioned symptoms, immediately consult with a physician. The tests to diagnose juvenile diabetes include:

  • HbA1c test: This test will gives an estimate about the average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher is suggestive of diabetes.
  • Random blood sugar test: A blood sample will be taken at a random time regardless of when the patient had the last meal. The blood sugar level is checked and if the count shows 200 mg/dl or higher, it suggests diabetes.
  • Fasting blood sugar test: A fasting blood sample is collected when the patient is fasting for 8 hours. If the blood sugar level comes from 100 to 125 mg/dl, it is suggestive of pre-diabetes and if it is higher than 125 mg/dl it suggests diabetes.

Diabetes Management

Medical and Surgical Interventions

Treatment for juvenile diabetes includes:

  • Insulin injections as prescribed by the physician
  • Hypoglycemic medications that reduce blood sugar levels
  • Frequent blood sugar monitoring
  • Diabetic diet
  • Exercise and weight management to keep the blood sugar levels within the normal or target range

Treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus in children

Type 2 diabetes mellitus in children can be managed by diet modification by including all the essential nutrients in diet, exercise and weight management to maintain a healthy weight and diabetes medications like metformin as prescribed by the physician.

Surgical Treatment for diabetes: Pancreas transplantation is the surgical procedure that can be opted if other medical intervention fails to give the desired results.

Home Remedies:

Children with diabetes should strictly adhere to the following lifestyle changes and modifications in order to prevent the complications:

  1. Take care of your child’s feet. Check for any blisters, cuts, sores, swelling or redness. Consult the doctor if the cut or sore does not heal.
  2. Make your child aware about the symptoms of hypoglycaemia like sweating, shakiness, hunger, dizziness or light headedness, irregular or rapid heartbeat, fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, and headaches etc. If any of these symptoms arises, it should be informed to you immediately.
  3. Exercise and physical activity should be an essential part of the daily routine.
  4. Monitor the blood sugar levels frequently.
  5. Diet modifications by including nutritional diet that is given at regular intervals. Small and frequent meals should be given throughout the day.

Why choose Apollo Diagnostics?

We have the expertise of 34 + years in healthcare. Our labs are equipped with EQUAS (External Quality Assurance System) and loaded with full automated machines to ensure error free reports, with a quick turnaround time, and at an affordable price. For your convenience, we offer free home collection of samples.

For appointments, please call 4444 2424.


  1. Kanakatte Mylariah Prasanna Kumar. Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in India. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Apr; 19(Suppl 1): S34–S35. Accessed on 16th October’17
  1. Diabetes in Children and Teens: Signs and Symptoms. Accessed on 17th October’17.

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Keep up the good work!

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“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad

“Their accurate understanding of customer’s needs is one thing that set them apart and ahead of all others. As a result, it becomes easier for them to deliver the right service, that with their matchless efficiency and care to ensure less pain and easily accomplished sample collection. Apollo Diagnostics is simply doing an amazing job!”

Soundarya Abhirami, Hyderabad

“The overall service standard of Apollo Diagnostics is admirably high. The technician was punctual and well-behaved, and has the genuine skill to collect the test sample without troubling the customer. These are probably some of the major reasons for them to be the best in India.”

Mrs. Lakshmi, Chennai

“The most crucial factor with Apollo Diagnostics is that they always train their Phlebotomists so well that the team consistently remains efficient and punctual and we receive a premium quality diagnostic service. Good job. Keep it up.”

Mr. Amit Kumar Patil, Bengaluru