How to diagnose prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition where the blood sugar level in the human body is higher than the normal, yet, it has not crossed the threshold level for type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is also known as impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. A fasting blood sugar level of 100 to 125 mg/dL is indicative of the prediabetic condition. The underlying cause of this condition is the body’s resistance to insulin.
The pancreatic hormone, insulin, fails to break down the sugar entering blood vessels, thereby, leading to an elevation in the blood sugar level. Prediabetes doesn’t necessarily amount to type 2 diabetes, given the patient, in particular, undergoes some basic dietary and lifestyle changes.
SYMPTOMS OF PRE-DIABETES
An awareness of the symptoms and signs preceding prediabetes or diabetes can make one wary about the whole situation. Following are the common symptoms that occur when a person approaches prediabetic state:
- Weight-loss despite eating more than one’s normal appetite
- Increase in thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme lethargy
- Blurred vision
According to studies, most of the people do not realize that they have developed prediabetes and thus carry on with their toxic lifestyle. A routine medical check-up is advisable for people who are obese and have a family history of diabetes.
HOW TO COMBAT IT?
Follow a workout routine: We all know the immense benefits of physical exercise on a daily basis. Indulging in physical activity leads to a lower blood glucose level. Depending upon the weight one can join a gym or simply opt for 40-50 minutes of regular exercise. Swimming, cycling, jogging, sprinting, etc. are great ways of engaging in a workout plan.
- Watch your weight: Incorporate certain lifestyle choices that increase your mobility. For instance, take the stairs instead of the elevator. Obesity increases the tendency of diabetes. Thus, one must watch their weight. Moreover, losing 5-10% of the existing body weight is sufficient and that does not require rigorous exercise but just a cautious lifestyle. A lazy and careless lifestyle can be perilous to someone diagnosed with prediabetes. If we keep the weight under check, then half the battle is won.
- Stay in touch with the doctor: Your doctor will monitor the blood sugar level and prescribe the medications or exercises accordingly. Patients who demonstrate a high tendency of developing type 2 diabetes are given metformin in order to control the insulin resistance.
- Eat healthy to feel healthy: Naturally, diet and exercise should go hand in hand. People trying to stay safe against the risk of diabetes, must consume fiber-rich foods, refrain from too much of carbohydrates and munch on a variety of leafy greens. Look up for healthy recipes that are no less delicious than junk food. By curbing your desires for sugary drinks and calorie-dense products, you can keep your blood sugar level under control.
- Abstain from smoking and drinking: Both tobacco and alcohol can increase the blood sugar level and lead to insulin resistance. Thus staying away from these vile habits is the smartest move when one is diagnosed with prediabetes.
By following a disciplined lifestyle and understanding the well-being of our body, one can prevent the danger of diabetes in the long term. In case of further query, visit Apollo Diagnostics. Get your medical check-up done today to stay informed and disease-free. Book an appointment today.