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You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

Diabetes 101: Types, Symptoms & Treatment

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease that is characterised by impairment in the capability of the body to produce insulin or respond to it. This in turn affects the carbohydrate metabolism and causes fluctuations in levels of blood glucose.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, this form of diabetes is usually seen in children. It is an autoimmune condition and accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of all diabetes cases around the world.
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: This is the more common form of Diabetes that is found in 90-95% of the population. It is caused due to insulin resistance, has a strong association with obesity, and is usually seen in patients over 40 years.


The symptoms of diabetes depend on the level of blood sugar and duration of disease. In some cases, especially in Type 2 Diabetes, there may not be any symptoms. Commonly seen signs and symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger, despite eating frequent meals
  • Blurred vision
  • Unexplained weight loss in case of Type 1 Diabetes
  • Tingling and numbness in the hands or feet in case of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Slow healing cuts, sores or bruises
  • Frequent infections such as skin, gums or urinary infections
  • Children with Type 1 Diabetes may also present with complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis. This is characterised by symptoms that range from nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fruity-smelling breath, rapid breathing, blurred vision to confusion, sleepiness and coma.

Treatment of Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires careful monitoring and lifelong treatment. It is pertinent to visit a qualified doctor who can make a comprehensive diabetes treatment plan. Successful treatment of diabetes involves managing diet, lifestyle and medications holistically.

  • Diet: Eating healthy is a key component of management of diabetes. Since the body’s ability to manage blood glucose is limited, it is important to avoid food and drinks with added sugars, baked goods, fried food, and food high in saturated and trans fats. Eating a balanced diet with fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help maintain a healthy metabolism in patients with diabetes mellitus.
  • Lifestyle: Regular physical activity in the form of walking, jogging or swimming can help lower blood sugar, especially in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that successfully marrying a healthy diet with physical activity can have long-term benefits in patients suffering from diabetes.
  • Medications: The hallmark of diabetes treatment is medication, which helps to control blood sugar levels. This could be in the form of insulin or oral medications.

Type 1 Diabetes: Insulin is absolutely necessary for patients with Type 1 diabetes. There are a variety of insulins available, such as rapid-acting insulin, long-acting insulin and intermediate insulin. Depending on the requirement of the patient, doctors prescribe the requisite dosage and combination of Insulin. Since oral insulin is deactivated by stomach enzymes, it is injected using fine needles or pens. Insulin pumps can also be considered once the patients are accustomed to the insulin treatment.

Type 2 Diabetes: Medications for Type 2 diabetes help to increase the insulin output in the body (Glimepiride, Glipizide) or increase the sensitivity of the body to insulin (Metformin). The other commonly used drugs are DPP-4 inhibitors (Sitagliptin) that promote the production of incretin, which in turn increases insulin release. Patients with Type 2 diabetes may also need insulin in cases of sickness, operative emergencies or uncontrolled episodes.

With Apollo Diagnostics by your side, managing your Diabetic condition will never be an issue. Backed by advanced laboratory technologies and highly qualified technicians, we’re committed to delivering trusted health reports always. To book now, call 44442424 or visit

Book Your Test

* T & C

You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

Patient Testimonials

“Excellence of Apollo Diagnostics is already a recognized fact across India. Adding more strength to their reputation is their caring nature and supportive attitude. I’ll always prefer to take their services than selecting mediocre quality making any compromise with my health.”

Mr. Shahul Hameed, Chennai

“The way Apollo Diagnostics kept me at ease during the sample collection process, the way they supported me to be at my convenience and confidence is really something I’ll always remember. They were also flawless in maintaining the hygiene. Hats off to them!”

Mr. Laxmi Kantham, Hyderabad

“Awesome is probably the one word to express my views about Apollo Diagnostics. Efficiency, punctuality, compassion, sincerity…I’ll give high marks to them in all of these. Great going, Apollo!”

Shivaraj Kadam, Pune

“Thanks for the seamless service. Based on my experience I can assure that, be it quality or punctuality, Apollo Diagnostics is one name to trust and depend on.”

Mr. Thomas, Mysuru

“Excellent sense of timing! The technician arrived right on time. He was really well-trained, in terms of his skill and manner, as well. Apollo Diagnostics is doing a great job.”

Subbalakshmi, Vizag

“Appreciate the quality of service that I’ve received from Apollo Diagnostics. Their competence, caring nature, sincerity, valuing customer’s time – all these together have shaped them as the most trusted diagnostic service provider in the country.
Keep up the good work!

Mrs. Pravati Dash, Bengaluru

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad

“Their accurate understanding of customer’s needs is one thing that set them apart and ahead of all others. As a result, it becomes easier for them to deliver the right service, that with their matchless efficiency and care to ensure less pain and easily accomplished sample collection. Apollo Diagnostics is simply doing an amazing job!”

Soundarya Abhirami, Hyderabad

“The overall service standard of Apollo Diagnostics is admirably high. The technician was punctual and well-behaved, and has the genuine skill to collect the test sample without troubling the customer. These are probably some of the major reasons for them to be the best in India.”

Mrs. Lakshmi, Chennai

“The most crucial factor with Apollo Diagnostics is that they always train their Phlebotomists so well that the team consistently remains efficient and punctual and we receive a premium quality diagnostic service. Good job. Keep it up.”

Mr. Amit Kumar Patil, Bengaluru

Service they deliver is no less than the promise they make. Be it quality, respect for customer’s time, or efficiency of their technicians…simply matchless. I confidently recommend Apollo Diagnostics to everyone.”

Nanjappa, Mysuru