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Book Your Test

* T & C
You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

Types of Hepatitis Virus and its Transmission

Hepatitis virus causes liver inflammation that can be acute or chronic, and one of many types – the main ones being hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. It can also lead to fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, or liver cancer.

The main causes of hepatitis are contaminated food and water and infected body fluids. Thus any activity that allows this kind of contact can transmit the virus and lead to infection. Symptoms may or may not show up, and include yellowing of the eyes and skin, nausea, fatigue, abdominal pain, dark urine, etc.

The following are the types of hepatitis virus and their modes of transmission:

  1. Hepatitis A – This virus causes inflammation which takes about two months to heal. It is spread through contaminated food and water, or close contact with an infected person. Unhygienic practices, eating raw seafood from polluted water, having sexual relations with an infected person, etc. are some routes of transmission.
  2. Hepatitis B – The acute form takes less than six months to heal, but if it is chronic then the recovery period is more than six months. It may also develop into long-term liver damage, liver cirrhosis, or liver cancer. Infected body fluids such as blood, saliva, semen, vaginal discharge, etc., are major conduits for transmitting the virus. Thus, unprotected sex, sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles and other such equipment, visiting places with high HBV infection rates, etc., are all risk factors. The virus may also be passed on from mother to baby during childbirth.
  3. Hepatitis C – It may be acute or chronic, and rarely reveals itself through symptoms. This virus spreads through contaminated blood and other fluids. Coming in contact with an infected needle, using dirty equipment for transfusions and transplants, sharing tattoo needles, being born in an era or in a place with high HCV rates, all increase risk of contracting the disease. Hepatitis C can also be transmitted from a mother to baby during childbirth.
  4. Hepatitis D – It only infects people who are infected by hepatitis B. It can be acute or chronic, and occurs suddenly with severe symptoms. The virus is spread through infected fluids such as semen, urine, vaginal discharge, blood, etc.
  5. Hepatitis E – This is an acute condition which usually goes away on its own, but may lead to acute liver failure in extreme cases. Contamination by faecal matter is a major cause of the disease, so visiting areas with poor sanitation and high hepatitis rates may place you at a risk. It may also be transmitted through infected animal products, childbirth, etc.

Other causes of hepatitis include alcohol and drugs, and autoimmune disease that turns against the liver. Heredity, a history of infections like herpes simplex and measles, certain autoimmune diseases, and simply being female can increase risk for autoimmune hepatitis.

Avoiding all these factors that can lead to infection is possible if you maintain proper hygiene and get vaccinated against the viruses. If you suspect that you’re at risk, it is advisable to get tested as early as possible. Book an appointment at Apollo Diagnostics for quick and accurate testing.

Book Your Test

* T & C

You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only



Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad