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* T & C
You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

Blood Sugar Test

A Blood Sugar Test / Blood Glucose Test is done to check the levels of glucose in the body. Also known as blood sugar, glucose is the simplest of carbohydrates – our energy providers. It is a simple sugar that is absorbed into the bloodstream and is carried to all the cells in the body, which in turn use it to produce energy.

What causes blood sugar levels to change?

Glucose levels are controlled by insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. If the pancreas is unable to do this due to some reason, problems occur.

Other than this, high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) may result from physical inactivity, consumption of carbohydrate-rich food, hormonal changes, stress, kidney issues, hyperthyroidism and pancreatitis, among others.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia) is caused by excessive activity, skipping meals, alcohol consumption, or more seriously, hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, liver disease, insulinoma (a pancreatic tumour), and Addison’s disease.

Though the reasons are various, blood sugar tests are not used as conclusive proof of these disorders. However, one certainty that follows abnormally high blood sugar levels is diabetes mellitus.

Hyperglycaemia and diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is the term that is most commonly associated with high blood sugar. Blood sugar tests are usually done to diagnose this disorder.

Type 1 diabetes, mostly seen in children and adolescents, is a chronic condition in which the beta cells of the pancreas are erroneously killed by the body’s immune system. Thus, the pancreas is unable to release insulin into the body, and the glucose, which is no longer being converted into energy, accumulates in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes occurs mostly in adults whose bodies do not produce enough insulin, or cannot make proper use of the insulin produced.

Gestational diabetes is the third type of diabetes that occurs temporarily during pregnancy.

In addition, pre-diabetes is a condition that reveals a high risk for diabetes. This, like diabetes, is determined according to the blood glucose levels.

What are the various kinds of tests?

  • Fasting blood sugar test is taken on an empty stomach, right after waking up. A normal result would range between 70 and 99 mg/dl.
  • Random blood sugar test is taken at a random time during the day, and any reading up to 125 mg/dl is considered normal. This, however, varies according to what was last consumed and when.
  • Post-prandial blood sugar test is done two hours after a proper meal. If glucose levels are normal, the reading should not go beyond 140 to 145 mg/dl.
  • Oral glucose-tolerance test (GTT) is administered by drawing a blood sample, making the person drink a glucose solution, and following up by taking more samples after an hour, and an hour later. This is done to check the body’s reaction to the glucose.
  • The A1C test, also known as the glycohaemoglobin test, gives a reading of the average levels of blood glucose over the past three months. It is based on the principle that glucose attaches to haemoglobin in the blood, and therefore measures the amount of glucose bound to the haemoglobin in the RBCs, which usually live for three months. A normal reading ranges from 4% to 6%.

What readings would indicate diabetes?

  • Two fasting blood sugar tests taken consecutively, giving a result higher than 125 mg/dl.
  • A random blood sugar test showing glucose levels higher than 200 mg/dl.
  • A GTT indicating levels higher than 200 mg/dl at two hours.
  • An A1C test that reads equal to or more than 6.5% glucose in the haemoglobin.

Any value that falls between the higher limit of the normal range, and the lower limit of the abnormal range, indicates pre-diabetes, and a cautionary lifestyle is advised at this stage itself.

Watching every step

While not all factors are under our control, lifestyle-induced hyperglycaemia (and consequently, diabetes), may be prevented by making changes in activity levels and dietary habits. If the risk is obvious, a blood sugar test should be done straightaway so that a diagnosis can be made before it is too late. You may find reliable testing procedures and accurate results at your nearest Apollo Diagnostics centre.

Book Your Test

* T & C

You will get a call within 12 Hrs from the time of Booking. *T&C – Free home sample collection is not available on specific tests. Pediatric home sample collection ( kids below 10 years age ) is available at specific cities only

Patient Testimonials

“Finding the best place for a diagnostic test is as important as consulting the best doctor. The Apollo name was what guided me to Apollo Diagnostics and I am indeed glad that I came here. From attending us on time to sample collection, everything flowed so smoothly. I was particularly impressed by the hygiene. It was definitely a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the good work!”

Mrs. Ferha Jabeen, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I Have heard a lot of good things about Apollo Diagnostics from our family physician as well as from relatives and friends. So then next time I needed a diagnostic centre, I visited Apollo Diagnostics and I was really glad I did. For one, I didn’t have to wait. The technician was extremely good, and the place was really clean. It was certainly a value for money experience. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Ms. T. Jaya, Nakkalagutta, Hanmakonda

“I must say Apollo Diagnostics places a great value on time and patient comfort! I am a fan of their home collection service which is not only on time and technically sound, but the hygiene and cordiality of the visiting technician is also commendable. Hats off! I’ll continue to recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Mr. B. Pochaiah, Mallikarjuna Nagar Colony, Old Bowenpally, Secunderabad

“I have always had a great experience with Apollo Diagnostics. The calls are unfailingly answered. The scheduled appointment is kept to the minute. The phlebotomist is well-trained in both technique and putting the patient at ease. Apollo Diagnostics undoubtedly delivers value for money. They will always be my top option for all the diagnostic needs of my family.”

Mr. Prasanta Kumar Jena, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“I came to know about Apollo Diagnostics from my relatives and friends. So, when I required a check up to be done, I thought about trying their service once. From sticking to the appointed time to accuracy of technique, it was really a great experience overall. Hygiene of the technician and the centre as well, was also quite admirable. I certainly felt it delivers value for money service. From now on, I’ll always visit Apollo Diagnostics for all my checkups.”

Mr. Venkateshwar Rao, Hanmakonda

“I was looking for a good diagnostic centre to get some checkups done. I was confused as there are so many of them all over the city. Some of my friends recommended Apollo Diagnostics as the best one. I’ll always remain thankful to them. The technician at Apollo Diagnostics was not only punctual but his competency was certainly praiseworthy. I never felt any discomfort as he was so confident and compassionate. Great job Apollo Diagnostics!”

Mr. T Radhakishan Rao, Hanmakonda

“My experience with Apollo Diagnostics has been consistently good. Securing the appointment was very easy and the schedule was maintained to the dot. The behaviour of the technician was pleasant and he was well–versed with his job. The place was noticeably clean and I did not face any discomfort during the process. The reports were delivered as promised and surprisingly, the service was pretty affordable. I would recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my circle without any hesitation!”

Mr. Arif Ameer, JP Nagar, Bengaluru

“Apollo Diagnostics came highly recommended by my friends. I was particularly impressed by their cordiality, time management and process competence. Another must mention is the hygiene factor that is impeccable. Given the quality delivered, this is certainly a value for money experience. Thanks a lot Apollo Diagnostics…keep up the great work!”

Ms. A.Madhavi, Warangal

“Our family physician strictly instructed me to get the checkup done at Apollo Diagnostics. I am glad I respected his opinion. I was attended to as soon as I went in. The technician was a true expert at his job and made it a painless experience for me. I also observed that the centre was spotless and all the staff members were particular about maintaining hygiene. Apollo Diagnostics certainly delivers value for money. I’ll always recommend Apollo Diagnostics to my family and friends.”

Ms. Vimala, Hanmakonda

“My Apollo Diagnostics experience has thus far been truly amazing. Besides unfailingly maintaining the schedule – be it sample taking or report delivery, their sense of cleanliness is also tops. The technicians are well-trained and do their job with diligence and in a friendly manner that puts patients at ease at once. Apollo Diagnostics is setting a very high standard indeed! Now that’s what I call a fine job!”

Ms. G. Jyothi, Warangal

“My mother needed a blood test, but was unable to walk due to pain in her leg. A Phlebotomist from Apollo Diagnostics came home and collected the sample. I was informed, via SMS, that the report could be collected from any of the 3 centres in Dibrugarh, downloaded online or even delivered home for a nominal fee. Although the rates were reasonable, my mother also received a senior citizens discount too! This saved my time, money & energy. My aachhe din really seemed to have arrived! Thank you Apollo Diagnostics and hats off for displaying true professionalism.”

Mr. Alokk Kar Dowerah, Dibrugarh

“Whenever I need to have a blood sample collected from home, I ask for Vasu. He is punctual, courteous and so skilled I hardly feel any pain when he draws the sample. Plus, I truly appreciate how quickly the reports are delivered. Thanks Apollo!”

Mr. Sukumar, Film director, Sriram Nagar, Hyderabad